Ways to Treat Migraine Headaches

Oct 13, 2023

Millions of people worldwide suffer from the common and frequently incapacitating neurological disease known as migraine headaches. Migraine attacks differ from other regular headache types.

What Are Migraines?

Migraines can have a substantial negative effect on a person's quality of life as they are characterized by excruciating throbbing pain, nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and, in rare circumstances, visual abnormalities.

While there isn't a single migraine cure that works for everyone, there are a number of methods and remedies that can be used to control and reduce the symptoms. 

Understanding Migraine Triggers

Migraine triggers vary from person to person, and identifying and avoiding these triggers plays an important role in preventing migraine attacks.

Understanding Migraine Triggers

Common triggers include:

  • Certain foods such as aged cheeses, processed meats, caffeine, and alcohol
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Stress
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Strong odors
  • Bright lights
  • Weather changes.

Keeping a migraine diary can be helpful in finding triggers and patterns that contribute to the attacks, enabling individuals to make informed lifestyle adjustments.

Lifestyle Modifications to Help Migraine Headaches

Lifestyle Modifications to Help Migraine Headaches

1. Healthy Diet:

The frequency and intensity of migraine attacks can be decreased by consuming a balanced diet free of substances that cause them. Including more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats in your diet will improve your health overall.

2. Regular Sleep Patterns:

For migraine management, it's important to have a regular sleep schedule and get enough sleep each night. Migraines can be brought on by both sleep deprivation and too much sleep.

3. Stress Management:

Stress is a major migraine trigger, so implementing relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation, and yoga might help. Regular physical activity and exercise can also help to lower stress. You can also calm your nerves using natural remedies.

4. Hydration:

Some people experience migraines as a consequence of dehydration. It can be beneficial to stay hydrated by consuming water throughout the day. If you struggle with drinking water, you can have infused water. It is water that is infused with natural ingredients for flavor that will entice you to drink more.

Medication Options

  • Over-the-counter (OTC) Medications: When used as soon as symptoms appear, over-the-counter painkillers including ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen sodium can ease mild to moderate migraine pain. Combination drugs that contain caffeine can improve their efficacy.
  • Prescription Medications: For individuals with frequent or severe migraines, a healthcare provider may recommend prescription medications, including triptans, CGRP antagonists, beta-blockers, and antidepressants.
  • Pain Management Strategies: Healthcare professionals may prescribe drugs intended to alleviate pain, nausea, and vomiting in cases of severe migraines that do not respond to other therapies.

Therapies for Relief from Migraines

  1. Acupuncture: Thin needles are inserted into certain body spots during this traditional Chinese medicine practice in order to promote energy (qi) flow. Some people claim that regular acupuncture sessions reduce the frequency and intensity of their migraines.
  2. Biofeedback: Employing biofeedback techniques allows people to learn to regulate physiological reactions like muscle tension and heart rate. Stress-related migraines can be avoided by managing these reactions.
  3. Herbal Supplements: The potential of some herbs and spices, including butterbur and feverfew, in preventing migraines has been studied. However, due to possible interactions and adverse effects, it's crucial to speak with a healthcare professional before utilizing these supplements.
  4. Relaxation Therapies: Progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, and aromatherapy are a few relaxation methods that can help you feel better during a migraine attack and control the stress that triggers them.

Emergency Migraine Relief Strategies

When a migraine attack occurs, quick relief is essential. Try the following strategies:

  • Find a dark and quiet room to reduce any sensory stimuli that can aggravate migraine symptoms.
  • Applying a cold compress to the forehead or at the back of the neck can help alleviate any pain.
  • Sipping water and consuming a light snack is known to provide relief, especially if the migraine is triggered by dehydration or low blood sugar. Consuming green tea helps as well.
  • Lie down in a comfortable position and rest until the migraine subsides.

Preventive Measures

Preventing migraine attacks is a primary goal for individuals who experience frequent migraines. Consider these strategies:

  • If migraines are significantly impacting your life, consult a primary care physician about preventive medications that match your medical history and migraine patterns.
  • Maintain a migraine diary to help identify triggers, allowing you to make informed lifestyle changes.
  • Maintain a consistent sleep schedule and avoid skipping meals to prevent migraine onset.
  • Engage in regular stress-reducing practices like exercise, meditation, yoga, and relaxation techniques.

Migraine headaches can be challenging to manage, but with the right strategies, relief is attainable. It's important to work closely with a healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan that aligns with your unique needs. Connect with a provider at Access Health Care Physicians to get started on your journey.

Frequently Asked Questions

Take a break and, if you can, leave whatever you're doing the moment you notice the first signs of a migraine. Sitting in minimal lighting helps immensely.

Sipping on water, applying a cold compress, and practicing relaxation techniques can help a migraine headache go away.

An inherited neurological condition, migraines come with a wide range of disease extent, and it impacts each person differently.

Green tea, water, and peppermint tea are known to help with migraines.